Most surgeons are only peripherally involved with the intricacies of cancer chemotherapy and are even less knowledgeable about the often-muted problems of anticancer drug toxicities, when these drugs are taken either straight or in a seemingly ever-changing cocktail. When one of our patients with cancer receiving such treatment subsequently develops an acute surgical condition, we become perplexed. This book, edited by Alan Turnbull, who is in charge of the Surgical Intensive Care Unit at the Memorial SloanKettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) in New York, is designed to suggest what might happen and to give practical suggestions on handling the emergency. Twenty-five of the 27 authors are from the MSKCC staff. Most are surgeons and they all know whereof they speak. Several of the chapters use the MSKCC experience over a five-year period as the database for their remarks. Each chapter is well referenced and written in a formal, scholarly manner.