0
ARTICLE |

Increased Intestinal Permeability Associated With Infection in Burn Patients

Thomas R. Ziegler, MD; Robert J. Smith, MD; Sarah T. O'Dwyer, FRCS; Robert H. Demling, MD; Douglas W Wilmore, MD
Arch Surg. 1988;123(11):1313-1319. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1988.01400350027003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Thermal injury may be associated with disruption of normal gut barrier integrity. To test this hypothesis, we assessed intestinal permeability with the nonmetabolizable, poorly absorbed disaccharide lactulose, which is efficiently excluded by the normal intestinal mucosa. Permeability studies were performed in 15 burned patients (aged 18 to 67 years; mean burn size, 40%) and 11 healthy controls. Lactulose, 10 g, was administered enterally, together with 5 g of mannitol as a control, and urinary excretion rates were determined. Lactulose excretion and the lactulose/mannitol excretion ratio increased threefold (160±30 vs 57±7 μmol and 0.113±0.033 vs 0.035±0.005) in the infected patients (sepsis score, 10±2; burn size, 38%±6%). In contrast, noninfected burn patients (sepsis score, 0) had permeability values similar to those of controls (66±10 μmol and 0.036±0.007). Permeability increased as the severity of infection increased. Infection in burn patients is associated with increased bowel permeability. The intestine may be a primary source of sepsis. Alternatively, the systemic response to infection may alter gut barrier function, which could facilitate translocation of bacteria and absorption of endotoxin.

(Arch Surg 1988;123:1313-1319)

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();