• Ileocecal mass is occasionally encountered unexpectedly by surgeons operating for presumed appendicitis. A five-year retrospective study was performed to review the management of this problem. Thirteen patients were identified who had had right hemicolectomy performed for unexpected mass in which neoplasm, diverticular disease, or inflammatory bowel disease could not be differentiated from severe appendicitis at laparotomy. Seven patients (group 1) had a final pathologic diagnosis of appendiceal phlegmon. The other patients (group 2) had Crohn's disease, typhlitis, or neoplasm. Right hemicolectomy was performed with a morbidity of 7% and mortality of 7% in all patients. This procedure is acceptable for unexpected cecal mass.
(Arch Surg 1989;124:1043-1044)