0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Cardiopulmonary Effects of Pressure Support Ventilation

James M. Hurst, MD; Richard D. Branson, RRT; Kenneth Davis Jr, MD; Roger R. Barrette, MD
Arch Surg. 1989;124(9):1067-1070. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1989.01410090077017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Pressure support ventilation (PSV) is a newer mode of ventilatory support that augments the patient's spontaneous inspirations to a preselected peak inspiratory pressure. We studied the effects of adding low levels of PSV (5 to 10 cm H2O) in conjunction with intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) on 15 patients who required mechanical ventilation for flail chest and pulmonary contusion. Patients were selected for the study if, during weaning from IMV, the following criteria were met: (1) a Paco2 level greater than 45 mm Hg, (2) a spontaneous respiratory rate (RR) greater than 30 breaths per minute, (3) a minute ventilation (VE) greater than 9.0 L/min, and (4) spontaneous tidal volumes (VT) of less than 2 mL/kg. The PSV was added to the IMV at a level that augmented spontaneous VT to greater than 4 mL/kg. An average of 9±3 cm H2O of pressure support resulted in a fall in the level of Paco2 (50 ± 4 to 43 ± 5 mm Hg), spontaneous RR (36±5 to 16±3 breaths per minute), VE (12±2 to 8.4±1.5 L/min), and dead space–tidal volume ratio from (0.68±0.1 to 0.47±0.05). Mean airway pressure and Pao2 both increased, but these changes were not statistically significant. Oxygen consumption was also unchanged. These results suggest that in patients who are difficult to wean due to respiratory muscle fatigue (characterized by increasing RR and decreasing vt), PSV normalizes lung volumes, improves ventilation, and may expedite the weaning process.

(Arch Surg. 1989;124:1067-1070)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();