Sclerosing Cholangitis Induced by Formaldehyde Solution Injected Into the Biliary Tree of Rats

Sidney Houry, MD; Odille Languille, MD; Michel Huguier, MD; Jean-Pierre Benhamou, MD; Jacques Belghiti, MD; Simon Msika, MD
Arch Surg. 1990;125(8):1059-1061. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1990.01410200123020.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• Sclerosing cholangitis has been reported after surgical treatment of hydatid disease of the liver and has been hypothetically attributed to the caustic effect of the parasiticide solution injected into the cyst and diffusing into the biliary tree through a cystic-biliary fistula. In this experimental study, we showed that, in rats, injection into the biliary tract of 20% hypertonic saline solution or 2% formaldehyde solution, the most commonly used scolicidal solutions, was followed by lesions of the biliary epithelium. As compared with 20% hypertonic saline solution, the 2% formaldehyde solution caused more severe lesions of the biliary epithelium and, in addition, induced the development of sclerosis. This experimental study confirms the deleterious effect of scolicidal solutions to the biliary epithelium, shows that their effect is mainly related to the causticity of the scolicidal solution, and indicates that intracystic injection of 2% formaldehyde solution should be abandoned.

(Arch Surg. 1990;125:1059-1061)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.