The RRC (Surgery), the American Board of Surgery, and the American College of Surgeons are the quality control mechanisms of American graduate surgical education. The RRC is now completing its 40th year of intense deliberations. In this article, Dr Boberg, Executive Secretary of the Committee, has detailed the activities of the RRC in accrediting surgical graduate training programs in the United States.
The RRC for Surgery is one of 24 established RRCs. One exists for each of the medical specialties; eight involve surgical disciplines. Certification is provided by their respective specialty boards. The RRC for Surgery is concerned with the assessment of training programs, in contrast to the American Board of Surgery, whose activities relate to the certification of individuals. Of the 6570 accredited programs involving 89 000 residents, 2110 (32%) received regular accreditation status review in 1989. Each RRC develops special requirements for its own training programs.