• Since 1960, most newer medical schools have been community-based and have used existing community hospitals and a large number of volunteer faculty. As these schools have evolved, many have developed more traditional characteristics. To assess the positive and negative features of these new schools, chairs of departments of surgery from 21 community-based medical schools and 17 traditional schools were surveyed to acquire information on policies and practices related to faculty development, undergraduate and graduate education, hospital relationships, clinical activities, research, and relationships with community physicians. Responses were analyzed and compared. Most community-based schools have succeeded in their mission, partly at the expense of controls usually found in more traditional schools.
(Arch Surg. 1991;126:1122-1127)