A Randomized Prospective Trial of Acyclovir and Immune Globulin Prophylaxis in Liver Transplant Recipients Receiving OKT3 Therapy

Robert J. Stratta, MD; Mark S. Shaefer, PharmD; Kathleen A. Cushing, RN; Rodney S. Markin, MD, PhD; Elizabeth C. Reed, MD; Alan N. Langnas, DO; Todd J. Pillen, PA; Byers W. Shaw Jr, MD
Arch Surg. 1992;127(1):55-64. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1992.01420010065009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• The use of OKT3 therapy is a major risk factor for opportunistic infections in liver transplant recipients. In the last 2 years, we prospectively randomized 100 patients receiving OKT3 therapy into either a control group (n = 50) or a prophylaxis group (n=50). Prophylaxis consisted of six doses of intravenous immune globulin over 4 weeks and oral acyclovir for 3 months after OKT3 therapy. The two groups were comparable with respect to demographic, immunologic, and clinical characteristics. The regimen of prophylaxis resulted in (1) a significant reduction in the incidence of herpetic and Epstein-Barr viral infections; (2) no change in the incidence of cytomegalovirus infections; (3) a significant decrease in the incidence of fungal infections; and (4) fewer deaths due to sepsis. The incidence of viral and fungal infections was higher after OKT3 induction than after rescue therapy. Our conclusion is that opportunistic infections are frequent after OKT3 therapy in hepatic allograft recipients. Treatment with intravenous immune globulin and oral acyclovir is safe and effective in preventing noncytomegaloviral and fungal infections in this setting, thus conferring a survival advantage with fewer deaths due to sepsis.

(Arch Surg. 1992;127:55-64)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.