We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Chloroquine Attenuates Hemorrhagic Shock—Induced Immunosuppression and Decreases Susceptibility to Sepsis

Wolfgang Ertel, MD; Mary H. Morrison, MS; Alfred Ayala, PhD; Irshad H. Chaudry, PhD
Arch Surg. 1992;127(1):70-76. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1992.01420010084012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Hemorrhagic shock causes a severe suppression of cellular immunity and an increased susceptibility to sepsis that may be due to increased release of prostaglandin E2 by macrophages. Since chloroquine inhibits the secretion of prostaglandin E2 by macrophages in vitro, the effects of chloroquine administration in vivo following hemorrhagic shock on macrophage prostaglandin E2 secretion and on depressed cellular immunity were examined. Inbred C3H/HeN male mice, aged 6 to 8 weeks, were bled to a mean blood pressure of 35 mm Hg, which was maintained for 60 minutes, and adequately resuscitated. Mice then received intramuscular injections of either saline (vehicle) or chloroquine (10 mg/kg of body weight). Prostaglandin E2 in macrophage supernatants (radioimmunoassay) concanavalin A—dependent splenocyte proliferation, and interleukin 2 in splenocyte supernatants (CTLL 20 interleukin 2—dependent proliferation) were determined 2 or 24 hours later. Hemorrhage caused a significant decrease of splenocyte proliferation (47%) and interleukin 2 release (49%) at 24 hours, while prostaglandin E2 secretion from macrophages was elevated at 2 hours. Chloroquine treatment attenuated depression of splenocyte functions and reduced prostaglandin E2 release. Furthermore, chloroquine treatment decreased the mortality of septic mice after hemorrhage to levels comparable with those of sham-operated mice. Thus, chloroquine may be a useful adjunct in the clinical setting for the treatment of shock-induced immunodepression and increased susceptibility to sepsis following hemorrhage.

(Arch Surg. 1992;127:70-76)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.