• A structured, basic science curriculum was instituted for surgical residents of the University of Connecticut (Farmington) Integrated Residency Program during the 1990-1991 academic year in concordance with American Board of Surgery guidelines. The impact of the new program was measured by comparing performance on monthly basic science examinations, the in-training examination, and "mock" oral examinations for the 1990-1991 academic year with that of the preceding academic year. While monthly examination scores improved for the entire group of residents (67.7 vs 64.6), in-training and oral examination scores did not change significantly. Categorical residents generally demonstrated superior performance and greater improvement than did preliminary residents. Data analysis suggested that the new curriculum was an effective educational device and that university-designed monthly examinations were valid testing instruments, but there was an apparent incongruity between the goals of the curriculum and the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination.
(Arch Surg. 1992;127:529-535)