We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Hypocalcemia After Thyroidectomy

N. Demeester-Mirkine, MD; L. Hooghe, MD; J. Van Geertruyden, MD; V. De Maertelaer, PhD
Arch Surg. 1992;127(7):854-858. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1992.01420070118021.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Serum calcium, sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, osmolarity, total protein, albumin, parathyroid hormone, and calcitonin values were systematically surveyed in 135 patients who underwent thyroidectomy and in 104 control surgical patients. A transient and moderate hypocalcemia developed after operation in thyroidectomized and control patients. Concentrations of other electrolytes, osmolarity, proteins, and albumin followed the same pattern of evolution. After thyroidectomy, the degree and duration of hypocalcemia increased with the extent of thyroid resection. A profound hypocalcemia (<2.0 mmol/L) and a marked reduction of the parathyroid hormone concentration (below normal) were present in 12% and 8% of cases after subtotal thyroidectomy and in 22% after total thyroidectomy. Calcitonin values did not increase after thyroidectomy. A slight correlation was observed between the preoperative serum alkaline phosphatase level and the minimal postoperative serum calcium level. It is concluded that postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia is a multifactorial phenomenon. It is due, at least in part, to hemodilution. A temporary parathyroid insufficiency after subtotal and total thyroidectomy, and an avidity of the skeleton for calcium in hyperthyroid patients, may aggravate the hypocalcemia.

(Arch Surg. 1992;127:854-858)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.