Anti—Tumor Necrosis Factor Antibody Reduces Mortality in the Presence of Antibiotic-Induced Tumor Necrosis Factor Release

Robert G. Sawyer, MD; Reid B. Adams, MD; Addison K. May, MD; Lynn K. Rosenlof, MD; Timothy L. Pruett, MD
Arch Surg. 1993;128(1):73-78. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420130081013.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• The systemic tumor necrosis factor (TNF) response has been extensively studied during infection. In addition, antibiotics that cause cell-wall lysis have been associated with endotoxinemia and, therefore, could trigger TNF release. We studied the effects of pretreatment with cefoxitin and/or anti-TNF antibody on mortality and early (90 minutes) and delayed (6 hours) serum TNF levels in a murine model of mixed Escherichia coli/Bacteroides fragilis peritonitis. At low and intermediate inocula levels, cefoxitin, but not anti-TNF antibody, prevented death, and low serum TNF levels were noted in all groups. At the highest inoculum level, mortality was uniform in control, cefoxitin, and anti-TNF antibody groups, and a significant elevation in serum TNF levels was seen only at the 6-hour point in animals receiving cefoxitin. The addition of anti-TNF antibody to cefoxitin at this inoculum level abrogated the 6-hour rise in serum TNF levels and reduced mortality to 40%. These results emphasize that the cytokine response in disease is dependent on both the nature of the insult and other forms of therapeutic interventions.

(Arch Surg. 1993;128:73-78)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.