We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Value of Sham-Feeding Tests in Patients With Postgastrectomy Syndromes

Barton G. G. Bradshaw, MD; Richard C. Thirlby, MD
Arch Surg. 1993;128(9):982-987. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420210042006.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  The value of gastric secretory testing in surgical practice has been questioned. Sham feeding (SF) is a test of gastric secretion that determines the status of gastric vagal innervation or incomplete vagotomy. Our purpose was to show that the results of SF tests affect operative strategy and/or clinical management.

Design:  The medical records of 30 consecutive patients studied with SF in our laboratory were reviewed to determine if patient management was affected by the results of SF.

Patients:  All 30 patients had prior vagotomies. Sham feeding was performed in patients (1) before planned reoperation for postgastrectomy syndromes (n=17), (2) with peptic ulcerations/pain of unclear etiology (n=8), or (3) postoperatively in those who were at high risk for recurrent ulcer (n=5).

Results:  Sham feeding indicated complete vagotomy in 16 patients and incomplete vagotomy in 14 patients. In 17 patients studied before planned reoperation, operative strategy was affected by results of SF in 15 cases; five patients had revagotomies performed at reoperation, 11 did not, and one patient had her operation canceled. In patients with atypical postoperative ulcers/pain, management was changed in only two of eight patients. In the high-risk patients studied postoperatively, management was affected in four of five patients.

Conclusions:  (1) We believe that our results justify the performance of SF before any reoperation on the stomach, since an operative plan was nearly always affected. (2) In patients with atypical peptic complaints after gastric surgery, SF usually (80%) confirmed acid hypersecretion, thereby affecting management less often. (3) Although unproved, we believe SF results can guide the use of "prophylactic" H2-blockers in treating selected high-risk postgastrectomy patients.(Arch Surg. 1993;128:982-987)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.