0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Immunoenhancement via Enteral Nutrition

J. Wesley Alexander, MD, ScD
Arch Surg. 1993;128(11):1242-1245. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1993.01420230070011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Arginine, glutamine, the long chain polyunsaturated omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, and, to a lesser extent, ribonucleic acid and the vitamins E, C, and A have pharmacologic effects when given in amounts in excess of what is needed to prevent nutritional deficiency. These effects are exerted primarily via the immune system, and immunoenhancing diets that embody the recently developed principles of nutritional pharmacology have been shown to reduce infectious complications by approximately 75% in surgical patients and hospital stay by more than 20% in surgical patients and patients in the intensive care unit in three independent, prospective, randomized studies, two of which were double-blinded. These findings suggest that specialized diets can be designed that will be of benefit to patients with cancer, atherosclerosis, intestinal diseases, autoimmune diseases, infections, and trauma. However, the interaction of these nutrients in pharmacologic amounts with standard pharmacologic drugs is largely unknown, as are the effects of long-term administration of specialized diets to treat these conditions.

(Arch Surg. 1993;128:1242-1245)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();