Postoperative Pain Management

Harriet Williams Hopf, MD; Sandra Weitz, MD
Arch Surg. 1994;129(2):128-132. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1994.01420260014002.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives:  To examine the relationship between analgesia and clinical outcome and to review new methods of delivering opioid analgesics and new pharmacologic analgesic agents.

Data Sources:  A computer-assisted search of the literature on postoperative pain management, and a review of those areas in which new approaches have led to a change in clinical practice.

Results:  Current research focuses on the ability of analgesia to decrease perioperative complications. Recent advances allow enhanced postoperative analgesia with a low incidence of side effects. Administration of opioids via a patient-controlled device or via an epidural catheter yields excellent analgesia with a low rate of side effects compared with intramuscular opioids. Several non-narcotic, parenteral drugs, including ketorolac tromethamine and α2-adrenergic agonists are now available. These drugs decrease opioid requirement, and thus the rate of serious side effects, including respiratory depression. Moreover, because these drugs act at sites other than opioid receptors, they may enhance the quality of analgesia at the same time they decrease opioid requirement.

Conclusions:  New technology and new agents allow more rational management of postoperative pain. Use of these techniques results in increased patient satisfaction and may improve clinical outcome.(Arch Surg. 1994;129:128-132)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.