We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Mortality Factors in Geriatric Blunt Trauma Patients

M. Margaret Knudson, MD; Jeffrey Lieberman, MD; John A. Morris Jr, MD; Brad M. Cushing, MD; Harrison A. Stubbs, PhD
Arch Surg. 1994;129(4):448-453. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1994.01420280126017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To examine various clinical factors for their ability to predict mortality in geriatric patients following blunt trauma.

Design:  In this retrospective study, trauma registries and medical records from three trauma centers were reviewed for patients 65 years and older who had sustained blunt trauma. The following variables were extracted and examined independently and in combination for their ability to predict death: age, gender, mechanism of injury, admission blood pressure, and Glasgow Coma Scale score, respiratory status, Trauma Score, Revised Trauma Score, and Injury Severity Score.

Setting:  Three urban trauma centers.

Patients:  Geriatric trauma patients entering three trauma centers (Stanford [Calif] University Hospital, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn, and Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems, Baltimore) following blunt trauma during a 7-year period (1982 to 1989).

Results:  The Injury Severity Score was the single variable that correlated most significantly with mortality. Mortality rates were higher for men than for women and were significantly higher in patients 75 years and older. Admission variables associated with the highest relative risks of death included a Trauma Score less than 7; hypotension (systolic blood pressure, <90 mm Hg); hypoventilation (respiratory rate, <10 breaths per minute); or a Glasgow Coma Scale score equal to 3.

Conclusions:  Admission variables in geriatric trauma patients can be used to predict outcome and may also be useful in making decisions about triage, quality assurance, and use of intensive care unit beds.(Arch Surg. 1994;129:448-453)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.