Selection of Patients for Curative or Palliative Resection of Esophageal Cancer Based on Preoperative Endoscopic Ultrasonography

Jeffrey H. Peters, MD; Sebastian F. Hoeft, MD; Johannes Heimbucher, MD; Ross M. Bremner, MD; Tom R. DeMeester, MD; Cedric G. Bremner, MD; Geoffrey W. B. Clark, MD; Milton Kiyabu, MD; Yuri Parisky, MD
Arch Surg. 1994;129(5):534-539. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1994.01420290080012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To assess the accuracy of pretreatment staging and the potential of using endosonographic findings to select patients for curative or palliative resection by comparing the preoperative endosonographic and computed tomographic (CT) findings with the histology of the surgical specimen.

Methods:  Forty-two patients referred to our clinic with esophageal carcinoma underwent preoperative upper endoscopy with biopsy, endosonography, thoracic CT, and abdominal CT. Based on endoscopic ultrasonographic findings, patients with early-stage disease underwent enbloc esophagogastrectomy, whereas those with advanced disease had a palliative transhiatal esophagectomy. Exceptions included patients with poor physiologic reserve who were treated by the transhiatal route.

Results:  In eight patients, we were unable to pass the ultrasonographic endoscope. Seven of these eight had transmural tumors with nodal involvement on histologic study. Tumor length, based on endosonographic measurements, was correctly predicted in 34 patients (85%). Extent of wall penetration was accurately predicted in 26 (76%) of the 34, and regional lymph node status was accurately predicted in 28 (82%) of the 34. Of the patients with sonographic wall penetration, 80% had histologic evidence of one or more positive nodes. Using the WNM staging system, endoscopic ultrasonography correctly staged the cancer in 68% of the patients. Three patients were treated with an inappropriate procedure.

Conclusion:  Endosonography is a reliable method for the preoperative staging and selection of patients for curative or palliative resection. Endosonographic wall penetration appears to be a critical factor in determining tumor spread.(Arch Surg. 1994;129:534-539)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.