We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Salvage Surgery for Locally Advanced and Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer

Carol L. Hathaway, MD; Richard P. Rand, MD; Roger Moe, MD; Thomas Marchioro, MD
Arch Surg. 1994;129(6):582-587. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1994.01420300020003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To determine if local control of breast cancer can be regained in patients with locally advanced and recurrent tumors using aggressive surgical treatment and reconstruction.

Design:  A retrospective review of 15 consecutive patients. Patients were followed up from 8 to 32 months.

Setting:  A university tertiary care facility in a metropolitan area.

Patients:  All patients with locally advanced or recurrent breast cancer without known metastatic disease who underwent radical surgical resection of locally advanced breast cancer with reconstruction.

Main Outcome Measures:  Primary outcome measures were pathological findings, type of surgery, length of hospital stay, complications, local recurrence, and survival.

Results:  Pathological findings showed 12 adenocarcinomas (80%) and three sarcomas (20%). Thirteen patients (86.7%) had undergone previous surgery, 11 (73.3%) had undergone previous radiation therapy, and all adenocarcinomas were progressing while patients were receiving chemotherapy. Full-thickness chest wall resection that included bone was required in 46.7%. The average hospital stay was 11.5 days. While 10 patients (66.7%) eventually manifested metastatic disease, local recurrence developed in only one. Minor complications occurred in six patients (40%) and major complications occurred in three (20%). There were no perioperative deaths.

Conclusions:  Patients presenting to our service had locally aggressive tumors that were recalcitrant to maximal medical management. With radical surgical treatment and reconstruction, there were no deaths, significant morbidity was low, and all but one patient regained local control. We found that aggressive surgical treatment and reconstruction is not only feasible in patients with locally advanced breast cancer but may be the only hope for local control in these patients who are difficult to treat.(Arch Surg. 1994;129:582-587)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.