We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Intravenous Contrast Medium Impairs Oxygenation of the Pancreas in Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis in the Rat

Thomas Foitzik, MD; Deomir G. Bassi, MD; Carlos Fernández-del Castillo, MD; Andrew L. Warshaw, MD; David W. Rattner, MD
Arch Surg. 1994;129(7):706-711. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1994.01420310038006.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  Contrast-enhanced computed tomography is widely used to evaluate severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) by demonstrating areas of malperfusion, which might indicate irreversible necrosis. Because of our prior finding that the intravenous contrast medium (CM) accentuates the severity of ANP by promoting further necrosis and higher mortality, we sought to investigate the mechanism by which this injury is mediated.

Design:  Mild acute pancreatitis was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats with intravenous caerulein hyperstimulation; and severe ANP, with intravenous caerulein plus intraductal glycodeoxycholic acid. Control animals and rats with pancreatitis were randomized to be given intravenous CM or saline.

Main Outcome Measure:  Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy was used to measure the index of hemoglobin content and oxygen saturation in pancreatic tissues in vivo.

Results:  Oxygen saturation of hemoglobin was increased in animals with mild acute pancreatitis (AP) (mean [±SEM], 58.7%±1.2% vs 55.2%±1.5% in control animals; P<.05) and was decreased in animals with ANP (51.2%±1.2% vs 55.2%±1.5% P<.05). Fifteen minutes after the infusion of CM, oxygen saturation of hemoglobin significantly decreased further in animals with ANP (51.4%±1.8% before infusion of CM vs 46.1%±1.7% at 15 minutes; P<.05) and remained significantly below the comparable group receiving intravenous saline for the entire 60-minute test. This decrement was not observed in animals with ANP given saline or in animals with mild AP or in control animals after infusion of saline or CM. The index of hemoglobin content remained unchanged throughout the experiment in all groups.

Conclusions:  The prolonged reduction of oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in the pancreas following the administration of intravenous CM in rats with severe ANP indicates that CM impairs the pancreatic microcirculation in necrotizing forms of AP. This may explain our previous finding that CM increases pancreatic injury and mortality in rodents with ANP, and it underlines our concern that the use of contrast-enhanced computed tomography early in human AP may promote the evolution of pancreatic necrosis.(Arch Surg. 1994;129:706-711)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.