We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Treatment of Burned Mice With Hyperbaric Oxygen Reduces Mesenteric Bacteria but Not Pulmonary Neutrophil Deposition

Mayer Tenenhaus, MD; John F. Hansbrough, MD; Ramon Zapata-Sirvent, MD; Tom Neumann, MD
Arch Surg. 1994;129(12):1338-1342. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1994.01420360128018.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is used but unproven for many conditions, including burns. We hypothesized that HBO therapy might increase oxygen delivery to intestine during burn shock and decrease mucosal injury.

Setting:  University research laboratory.

Design and Study Participants:  We studied the effects of HBO therapy (100% oxygen at 2.4 atm absolute) on mesenteric bacterial colonies (MBCs) in mice following 32% total body surface area burns. MBCs were counted 24 or 48 hours postburn by culturing mesenteric tissue. Intestinal histologic features were examined, acid-base balance was measured, and pulmonary neutrophil deposition was estimated by lung myeloperoxidase content.

Interventions:  HBO delivered in a compression chamber.

Main Outcome Measure:  Numbers of mice with MBCs.

Results:  With twice-daily HBO treatments, each treatment lasting 1.5 or 2 hours, fewer burned mice had MBCs. Three HBO treatments within 24 hours produced seizures, death, and increased numbers of mice with MBCs. Numbers of mice with MBCs were not influenced when compressed air (2.4 atm absolute) or 100% oxygen (1 atm absolute) was used. Villus histologic findings showed less damage in burned mice that received HBO therapy than in controls. Metabolic acidosis was not affected by HBO therapy, nor were lung myeloperoxidase levels.

Conclusion:  HBO therapy was associated with reduced numbers of mice with MBCs after burn injury and reduced histologic evidence of mucosal damage, but lung myeloperoxidase levels and metabolic acidosis were not affected. HBO therapy may increase oxygen delivery to ischemic intestine and improve cellular metabolism; alternatively, increased tissue oxygen may augment killing of translocated bacteria by phagocytic cells. HBO deserves further investigation for burn treatment, but because of the narrow therapeutic window and continued neutrophil sequestration in the lungs, we should proceed cautiously.(Arch Surg. 1994;129:1338-1342)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.