A case of acute Budd-Chiari syndrome in a 26-year-old woman is reported. After a mesocaval shunt, the patient remained asymptomatic for 21 months, but ascites and hepatomegaly reappeared due to inferior vena cava stenosis subsequently treated by balloon dilation. Recurrence of stenosis indicated the need for a cavoatrial shunt with an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene prosthesis, which was followed by a complete recovery during the next 29 months. Radiological follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated progressive hepatomegaly, thrombosis of the cavoatrial shunt, and stenosis of the mesocaval shunt. A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was carried out, despite the absence of any patent residual hepatic vein at the usual level, by perforating the inferior vena cava and liver up to the right portal vein. An expandable 12-mm stent was successful in decreasing liver congestion. Dilation of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was done 15 months later, and the patient remains asymptomatic after a follow-up of 18 months.
(Arch Surg. 1995;130:227-228)