Halofuginone, A Specific Collagen Type I Inhibitor, Reduces Anastomotic Intimal Hyperplasia

Eric T. Choi, MD; Allan D. Callow, MD, PhD; Niraj L. Sehgal; David M. Brown, MD; Una S. Ryan, PhD
Arch Surg. 1995;130(3):257-261. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430030027004.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To determine if halofuginone hydrobromide, a specific type I collagen inhibitor, could prevent intimal hyperplasia at a vascular anastomosis.

Design:  Intimal hyperplasia is characterized by smooth muscle cell proliferation and extracellular matrix accumulation. Halofuginone was used to block collagen production and smooth muscle cell proliferation in cell cultures and in a rabbit model of an end-to-end anastomosis of the right common carotid artery. Animals were fed a nontoxic dose of halofuginone. Eighteen rabbits were fed the inhibitor in a randomized blinded fashion and were examined after 4 weeks by harvesting the arteries after perfusion fixation at physiologic pressures.

Results:  Halofuginone inhibited smooth muscle cell proliferation in vitro and had no effect on cell viability. Morphometric quantification verified that halofuginone treatment significantly attenuated anastomotic intimal thickness.

Conclusion:  Oral administration of halofuginone inhibits intimal hyperplasia at vascular anastomoses. Intimal hyperplasia inhibition by halofuginone may be a therapeutic option for preventing arterial stenosis in vascular surgery.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:257-261)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.