We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Use of an Isotopic Somatostatin Receptor Probe to Image Gut Endocrine Tumors

Irvin M. Modlin, MD, PhD; Eugene Cornelius, MD, PhD; Gary P. Lawton, MD
Arch Surg. 1995;130(4):367-374. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430040029003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objectives:  To evaluate the effectiveness of indium In 111 pentetate (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid [DTPA])-D-Phe–labeled octreotide scintigraphy in the localization of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine lesions, and to identify covert lesions, determine multicentricity, define the distribution of metastases, confirm complete removal of tumor postoperatively, and evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic embolization.

Design:  Unmasked comparison.

Setting:  Tertiary care referral center.

Patients:  We studied 28 patients over a 12-month period. Biochemical evidence of a gastroenteropancreatic tumor was present in 13 patients. Octreoscan 111 was employed in four patients with an ambiguous biochemical diagnosis of gastroenteropancreatic tumor. Postoperative examination to document complete tumor removal was undertaken in seven patients. In one patient, Octreoscan 111 was used to evaluate the efficacy of therapeutic embolization.

Intervention:  [111In] DTPA-D-Phe-octreotide scintigraphy.

Main Outcome Measure:  Identification of somatostatin receptor–bearing neuroendocrine tumors.

Results:  Intravenous administration of [111In]DTPA-DPhe-octreotide followed by whole-body gamma camera scintigraphy resulted in the localization of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors with 75% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% positive predictive value, 63% negative predictive value, and 82% overall accuracy.

Conclusions:  While Octreoscan 111 has been shown to localize the majority of amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation system (APUD) cell tumors as well as various other somatostatin-positive tumors, this technique may also be useful in a number of other circumstances. These include prediction of tumors that will respond to octreotide therapy, identification of covert metastases, intraoperative identification of tumors, and postoperative surveillance. Use of an alternative isotope may provide a vehicle for the administration of local therapeutic radiation to tumor cells. The precise efficacy of Octreoscan 111 in the identification of lesions smaller than 3 cm with low-density somatostatin-2 receptor expression remains to be determined.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:367-374)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.