0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Postoperative Intestinal Motility Following Conventional and Laparoscopic Intestinal Surgery

Bartholomäus Böhm, MD, PhD; J. W. Milsom, MD; V. W. Fazio, MD
Arch Surg. 1995;130(4):415-419. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430040077017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives:  To evaluate the influence of conventional vs laparoscopic right-sided colectomy on postoperative motility of the stomach, small bowel, and large bowel, and to study the effects on postoperative intestinal motility of anesthesia only and of laparotomy vs laparoscopy only.

Design:  Prospective randomized study in a canine model.

Setting:  Animal research laboratory.

Animals:  Twelve mongrel dogs weighing 23.4 to 29.6 kg.

Interventions:  (1) Laparotomy or laparoscopy and (2) 1 week after complete recovery from the first procedure, right-sided colectomy with ileocolic anastomosis using conventional or laparoscopic techniques. End points of the study were (1) the postoperative time until the electrical response activity of the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine returned to a normal interdigestive pattern and (2) the time until first postoperative bowel movement occurred.

Results:  Median time until return to normal interdigestive pattern of myoelectrical activity after laparoscopic colectomy was about 40% less than after conventional colectomy (P<.05). Time until first bowel movement was 27% reduced (P<.05).

Conclusions:  Recovery from postoperative ileus following laparoscopic surgery is more rapid than after conventional surgery in the canine model. Confirmatory human studies should be performed.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:415-419)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();