We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Suppressors of Oxygen Metabolites Fail to Reduce Vein Graft Intimal Hyperplasia

Jonathan D. Gates, MD; Gregory M. Hirsch, MD; Morris J. Karnovsky, MBBCh, DSc
Arch Surg. 1995;130(9):976-980. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430090062020.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To evaluate the role of reactive oxygen metabolites in the initiation of intimal hyperplasia of vein grafts inserted into the arterial circulation.

Setting:  University pathologic research laboratory.

Animals:  Sprague-Dawley rats.

Intervention:  Animals were randomized to receive either the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol, the iron chelating agent starch-conjugated deferoxamine, or the free-radical scavenger 21-aminosteroid U74389G. Control animals were included for each group. The epigastric vein was inserted into the right common femoral artery. Vein grafts were harvested 30 days postoperatively. The degree of intimal hyperplasia at the two anastomoses as well as at the midgraft was calculated.

Main Outcome Measures:  The vein grafts were divided into three sections designated proximal anastomosis, midgraft, and distal anastomosis. Intimal and medial areas were determined in an observer-blind fashion and expressed as intimal area–medial area ratios.

Results:  Pretreatment of the animals with any of these agents resulted in no significant reduction in the degree of intimal hyperplasia in any treated groups compared with the control animals 30 days postoperatively.

Conclusions:  Arterial reconstruction often involves interposition of vein segments into the arterial circulation. These veins are subject to ischemia and reperfusion, with the potential for generation of reactive oxygen metabolites and subsequent vein graft injury, resulting in intimal hyperplasia. We hypothesized that perioperative pharmacologic intervention either to scavenge or to reduce the production of reactive oxygen metabolites would attenuate the initial vein graft injury and thus limit the subsequent development of intimal hyperplasia. These data create doubt as to the influence of reactive oxygen metabolites in the initiation of intimal hyperplasia in the vein graft.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:976-980)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.