0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Growth Hormone and Insulinlike Growth Factor I Enhance Host Defense in a Murine Sepsis Model

Tomomi Inoue, MD; Hideaki Saito, MD; Ryoji Fukushima, MD; Tsuyoshi Inaba, MD; Ming-Tsan Lin, MD; Kazuhiko Fukatsu, MD; Tetsuichiro Muto, MD
Arch Surg. 1995;130(10):1115-1122. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430100093018.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To investigate the effects of exogenous growth hormone (GH) and insulinlike growth factor I (IGF-I) on host defense and survival in a murine model of Escherichia coli sepsis.

Design:  Prospective randomized experimental trials.

Setting:  Laboratory.

Materials:  Nine-week-old female BALB/c mice.

Interventions:  Mice were injected subcutaneously with 4.8 or 0.48 mg/kg of body weight per day of GH, 24 or 2.4 mg/kg of body weight per day of IGF-I or, as a control, normal saline solution, for 6 days. Mice were then challenged intraperitoneally with 1×108 colony-forming units per body of E coli.

Main Outcome Measures:  Fifty mice were observed for survival. In the next experiments, samples from the high-dose GH, high-dose IGF-I, and saline control groups were harvested before or at 4 or 6 hours after challenge. Numbers of peritoneal exudative cells and tissue-viable bacterial counts were determined. Peritoneal exudative cells were cultured with lipopolysaccharide (10 μg/mL) for 24 hours. Levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1, and interleukin-6 in the peritoneal lavage fluid, plasma and supernatants of peritoneal exudative cell culture were measured.

Results:  Both high and low doses of GH and high-dose IGF-I significantly prolonged survival. Growth hormone and IGF-I significantly increased peritoneal exudative cell numbers and reduced viable bacterial counts in the peritoneal lavage fluid and the liver. These hormones significantly suppressed excessive systemic cytokine production, while enhancing in vitro cytokine production and preserving local cytokine responses.

Conclusion:  The immunomodulation produced by administration of GH or IGF-I leads to improved host defense in this murine model of E coli sepsis.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:1115-1122)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();