It is an honor, through the Archives of Surgery, to introduce recent Chinese metamorphoses in surgery, covering personal resources and training, the latest achievements in surgery, and sources of scientific funds. Four trends in each of these categories will be discussed in this article.
After 10 years of "Cultural Revolution" disasters, the rapid increase in the number of medical schools, colleges, and universities has been phenomenal. To date, three different levels of medical institutions compose a nationwide medical education network.
Junior Medical Schools
The principal responsibility of junior medical schools is to carry out a 3-year education to provide students for public health care at hospitals in townships, counties, and city districts. These students supplement the nurses, paramedics, technicians, and special technologists working in local provincial hospitals and research laboratories in medical universities and research institutions. Five hundred fifty junior medical schools cover whole counties and cities in