We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Liposomes Modulate Kupffer Cell Endotoxin Response

Paul Bankey, MD, PhD; Ernest Beecherl, MD; Doug Bibus, MS; Dana See; Kendra McIntyre
Arch Surg. 1995;130(12):1266-1272. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430120020003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objectives:  To test the hypothesis that pretreatment with liposomes enriched with the ω3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (22:6ω3) will alter the Kupffer's cell and systemic cytokine (tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6) response to endotoxin challenge, and to demonstrate alterations in Kupffer's cell phospholipid fatty acid composition after in vivo liposome treatment.

Design:  Nonrandomized controlled laboratory investigation in Wistar rats.

Interventions:  Animals were assigned to three pretreatment groups: no liposomes; liposomes, 100 mg/kg; or liposomes, 400 mg/kg given by bolus intravenous injection with the animals under inhalation anesthesia. Eighteen hours after liposome treatment, each group was challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (3 mg/kg intraperitoneally in 10 mL of lactated Ringer's solution) or lactated Ringer's solution only. In a separate set of experiments, Kupffer's cells were obtained from animals pretreated with liposome, 400 mg/kg, or controls and challenged with lipopolysaccharide (1, 100, or 104 ng/mL) in vitro.

Outcome Measures:  Serum and Kupffer's cell supernatant tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6 bioactivity, Kupffer's cell phospholipid fatty acid composition, survival, and liver histologic findings.

Results:  In vivo liposome pretreatment (400 mg/kg) resulted in significant increases in serum tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6 levels 90 minutes after intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide challenge (P<.05 vs no liposomes). Kupffer's cells isolated from liposome-treated animals (400 mg/kg) compared with untreated controls release significantly more tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6 after lipopolysaccharide stimulation in vitro in a dose-dependent response (P<.05). Liposome treatment increased total polyunsaturated fatty acid, total ω3, and docosahexaenoic acid 22:6ω3 content in Kupffer's cell phospholipids compared with untreated controls. Survival 24 hours after lipopolysaccharide challenge was reduced by liposome (400 mg/kg) pretreatment (P<.05 by χ2 test). Livers from each treatment group demonstrated focal areas of hepatocyte necrosis and inflammatory cells.

Conclusion:  Liposome pretreatment increases the circulating and Kupffer's cell cytokine response to endotoxemia, increases Kupffer's cell polyunsaturated fatty acid content, and is associated with reduced survival.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:1266-1272)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.