0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Primary vs Secondary Iliopsoas Abscess:  Presentation, Microbiology, and Treatment

Robert O. Santaella, MD; Elliot K. Fishman, MD; Pamela A. Lipsett, MD
Arch Surg. 1995;130(12):1309-1313. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1995.01430120063009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To review the characteristics of patient presentation, microbiology, and treatment of primary iliopsoas abscess.

Design:  A case series of patients with iliopsoas abscess diagnosed on computed tomographic scans from 1987 to 1994.

Setting:  Tertiary care inner-city university hospital.

Patients:  Eleven patients with secondary iliopsoas abscess, defined as being secondary to gastrointestinal or genitourinary causes or trauma, and seven patients with primary abscess, defined as the absence of the above causes. Main Outcome Measures: Patient characteristics, presenting symptoms and signs, microbiologic characteristics, treatment, and clinical course of patients with primary iliopsoas abscesses compared with those in patients with secondary abscesses.

Results:  In the primary group, six patients (86%) were intravenous drug users and four (57%) were positive for human immunodeficiency virus. Staphylococcus aureus grew from cultures from five of seven patients with primary abscesses, whereas secondary abscesses had enteric flora. The typical patient presentation included fever, with complaints of pain in the flank, hip, or abdomen. Comparison of abscess drainage options showed shorter hospitalizations for surgical drainage than for percutaneous drainage (15.9 vs 28.5 days; P≤.01).

Conclusions:  A patient who presents with pain in the flank, hip, or abdomen may have a primary iliopsoas abscess. Computed tomography is the standard method of diagnosis. Antibiotic regimens for patients with primary iliopsoas abscess should include coverage for S aureus, and patients with secondary abscesses should have antibiotic regimens tailored for enteric bacteria. Drainage of abscess is essential for appropriate treatment, and surgical drainage is superior to percutaneous drainage in achieving prompt recovery.(Arch Surg. 1995;130:1309-1313)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();