0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Mononuclear Cell Line THP-1 Internalizes Bactericidal/Permeability-Increasing Protein by a Non—Receptor-Mediated Mechanism Consistent With Pinocytosis

Robert J. Burnett, MD; Catherine A. Lyden; Carolyn J. Tindal, MS; Cynthia M. Cave; Marian N. Marra, MA; Joseph S. Solomkin, MD
Arch Surg. 1996;131(2):200-206. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1996.01430140090023.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) binds lipopolysaccharide and neutralizes its toxic effects in vitro and in endotoxemic animals. Our recent work identified physiologically significant interactions between BPI, lipopolysaccharide, and mononuclear cells.

Objective:  To determine whether the interaction between BPI and mononuclear cells is receptor mediated.

Design:  Labeled BPI was incubated with THP-1 cells in the presence of up to 100-fold excess of unlabeled BPI. Sodium dodecyl sulfate—polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blotting were performed to evaluate competitive binding and total uptake of BPI. Cross-linking was performed to determine whether BPI binds to a single protein entity. Acid washing experiments and flow cytometric analysis were performed to determine whether BPI remains on the cellular surface. Finally, flow cytometry analysis was used to determine whether BPI incubation with THP-1 cells affects the surface expression of the lipopolysaccharide-binding protein—lipopolysaccharide receptor CD14.

Results:  Labeled BPI uptake was not inhibited by the presence of 100-fold excess of unlabeled BPI at 37°C or 4°C in the presence of azide. Uptake was not saturable under either condition with incubation concentrations up to 10 μg/mL. Cross-linking did not show BPI bound to a single entity. Acid washing and flow cytometry experiments disclosed rapid internalization of BPI. Finally, BPI uptake by THP-1 cells had no effect on the surface expression of CD 14.

Conclusions:  Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein is rapidly internalized by mononuclear cells in a nonspecific fashion not saturable at very high doses, which is consistent with pinocytosis. This process may represent a disposal mechanism for lipopolysaccharide in closed-space infections and may be partially responsible for the rapid clearance of BPI from the peripheral circulation.(Arch Surg. 1996;131:200-206)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();