0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Selective Nonoperative Management of Liver and Spleen Injuries in Neurologically Impaired Adult Patients

Lauren P. Archer, MD; Frederick B. Rogers, MD; Steven R. Shackford, MD
Arch Surg. 1996;131(3):309-315. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1996.01430150087017.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Nonoperative management of blunt liver and spleen injuries in hemodynamically stable, neurologically intact patients has become an accepted treatment in recent years.

Objective:  To determine the morbidity and mortality in neurologically impaired adult patients who had sustained blunt liver or spleen injuries and who had been managed nonoperatively in a monitored setting, owing to the preponderance of blunt trauma and associated head injuries in Vermont.

Design:  Case-control study.

Setting:  Regional level I trauma center in northern Vermont.

Patients:  One hundred eighty-seven consecutive patients with documented blunt splenic or hepatic trauma who were admitted to a regional rural trauma referral center in Vermont during an 8-year period, beginning in January 1987, were studied. Hemodynamically stable patients underwent diagnostic imaging studies and were classified by mental status as either normal or altered. Patients who required operative intervention were excluded.

Main Outcome Measures:  Morbidity and mortality rates for each group were recorded and compared to determine if statistically significant differences between the two groups existed.

Results:  The groups were similar in age, systolic blood pressure, and hematocrit at admission. The group of patients with an altered mental status were more severely injured and had a longer hospital stay. Intensive care unit stays were not significantly different. Transfusion requirements for both groups were minimal; however, the group of patients with an altered mental status received more blood transfusions compared with the group of patients with a normal mental status. There was no significant difference in morbidity and mortality between the two groups. There were no failures of nonoperative management, no complications, and no missed visceral injuries in the group of patients with an altered mental status. Patients older than 50 years had higher morbidity and mortality.

Conclusions:  Nonoperative management in patients with an altered mental status can be done safely in a monitored setting. This challenges the current criteria of excluding neurologically impaired patients with liver or spleen trauma from nonoperative management.(Arch Surg. 1996;131:309-315)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();