We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Long-term Results With the Kasai Operation for Biliary Atresia

Frederick M. Karrer, MD; Mitchell R. Price, MD; Denis D. Bensard, MD; Ronald J. Sokol, MD; Michael R. Narkewicz, MD; Debra J. Smith, MS, RN; John R. Lilly, MD
Arch Surg. 1996;131(5):493-496. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1996.01430170039006.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To evaluate long-term outcome in a series of children with biliary atresia treated by portoenterostomy.

Design:  Case series of consecutive infants with biliary atresia with 10-year follow-up. Data were obtained by retrospective chart review or phone interview.

Setting:  A tertiary academic medical center and regional children's hospital.

Patients:  A consecutive series of 104 infants diagnosed with biliary atresia more than 10 years ago were evaluated. Eighty-nine had totally obliterated extrahepatic ducts, 4 had proximal hilar cysts (correctable type), and 11 had patency of the gallbladder and distal common duct.

Interventions:  Ninety-eight patients underwent biliary reconstruction and 6 had exploration only. Seventy-four infants underwent reconstruction using a Rouxen-Y with exteriorization. The 11 infants with distal patency underwent a portocholecystostomy ("gallbladder Kasai"). The remainder had various modifications of the Kasai operation.

Main Outcome Measures:  Survival, liver function, complications, growth, and development.

Results:  The 6 patients who did not have a portoenterostomy died. Of the 98 who had a reconstruction, 63 died (mean age at death, 27 months; median, 13.4 months), 10 following liver transplantation. Twelve of the 35 survivors ultimately required liver transplants. Twenty-three children are alive more than 10 years after portoenterostomy without the need for transplantation. Two thirds have experienced some manifestation of portal hypertension (ie, variceal bleeding, hypersplenism, or ascites). Nineteen patients (79%) are anicteric with normal liver synthetic function and are in an age-appropriate school grade or working and living independently.

Conclusions:  We found that surgical correction of biliary atresia offers long-term survival for about one quarter of patients, provides palliation until liver transplantation becomes necessary, and that if surgical correction is not feasible, biliary atresia is uniformly fatal. The outlook is good for those children who survived more than 10 years and justifies continued attempts to establish bile flow in infants with biliary atresia.(Arch Surg. 1996;131:493-496)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.