0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Feasibility and Safety of 1-Day Postoperative Hospitalization for Carotid Endarterectomy

Jeffrey L. Kaufman, MD; Diane Frank, RN; Sang W. Rhee, MD; Joel A. Berman, MD; Paul Friedmann, MD
Arch Surg. 1996;131(7):751-755. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1996.01430190073018.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To determine whether 1-day postoperative hospitalization after carotid endarterectomy is safe and the degree to which this can be achieved.

Design:  Consecutive sample series of all carotid endarterectomies performed by a single surgical group.

Setting:  A single tertiary-care hospital.

Patients:  All who underwent carotid endarterectomy. Patients with procedures combined with coronary revascularization and patients undergoing the first part of a staged bilateral carotid endarterectomy performed in 1 hospitalization were excluded.

Intervention:  In December 1993, a fast-track protocol was initiated, aiming for a 1-day stay after carotid endarterectomy without admission to an intensive care unit (ICU). Before this date, postoperative care included obligatory monitoring for at least 1 night in an ICU.

Main Outcome Measures:  Length of stay, admission to and stay in the ICU, complications, and hospital readmission rate.

Results:  Over a 21-month period, 152 patients had 163 carotid endarterctomies. Of these, 124 were elective and 39 urgent (patients with a critical stenosis). Indications were stroke (n=14 [8.6%]), transient ischemic attack (n=50 [30.7%]), amaurosis fugax (n=36 [22.1%]), and asymptomatic stenosis (n=63 [38.7%]). General anesthesia was used for 159 procedures, cervical block for 4. Mean operation time was 2.6 hours. Postoperative stay was 1 day for 82 procedures (50%), 2 days for 49 procedures (30%), 3 days for 12 procedures (7%), and longer for 20 procedures (12%). In the last half of the study, 61% of patients (50/82) were discharged on postoperative day 1 and 87% (71/82) by postoperative day 2. One hundred three patients went to a surgical floor postoperatively. Overall, 60 patients went to the ICU, but only 18 (22%) of the last 82 procedures required ICU admission. The total stay averaged 3.8 days. Twenty-one patients (13%) experienced complications, including 3 deaths within 30 days and 5 neurological deficits. There were 14 early readmissions, but none was attributable to discharge on the first or second postoperative day.

Conclusions:  Early discharge home after carotid endarterectomy is safe and efficacious, and obligatory admission to an ICU is not necessary. At least 60% of patients who undergo carotid endarterectomy can have a postoperative stay of 1 day, and more than 80% can be discharged by postoperative day 2. A short postoperative stay is not associated with a significant risk of readmission for complications.Arch Surg. 1996;131:751-755

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();