Retrospective Review of Colorectal Cancer in Ulcerative Colitis at a Tertiary Center

Andrew A. Shelton, MD; Richard E. Lehman, BS; Theodore R. Schrock, MD; Mark L. Welton, MD
Arch Surg. 1996;131(8):806-811. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1996.01430200016003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To review patient characteristics, surgical indications, operative procedures, and survival of patients with ulcerative colitis who develop colorectal cancer.

Design:  Retrospective medical record review.

Setting:  Tertiary referral center.

Patients:  Of 493 patients who underwent surgery for ulcerative colitis between 1978 and 1994, 25 patients had colorectal cancer.

Intervention:  All patients underwent surgical exploration and either a biopsy, segmental resection, total abdominal colectomy, or restorative proctocolectomy was performed.

Main Outcome Measure:  Duration of postoperative disease-free survival.

Results:  The average duration of illness prior to surgery was 18.5 years (range, 0.25-40 years). Surgical indications were intractability for 3 patients (12%); dysplasia as revealed by colonoscopic biopsy for 8 patients (32%); and preoperatively diagnosed cancer for 14 patients (56%). Three patients (12%) underwent exploratory laparotomy, 3 (12%) underwent right hemicolectomy, 5 (20%) underwent total proctocolectomy with ileostomy, 3 (12%) underwent total proctocolectomy with continent ileostomy, and 12 (48%) underwent restorative proctocolectomy. Pathological stage was carcinoma in situ for 3 patients (12%), stage I for 7 patients (28%), stage II for 4 patients (16%), stage III for 6 patients (25%), and stage IV for 5 patients (20%). Five-year survival was 100% (3/3) for patients with carcinoma in situ, 100% (4/4) for those with stage I disease, 50% (2/4) for those with stage II, 25% (1/4) for those with stage III, and 0% (0/5) for those with stage IV. Of the 12 patients treated with a restorative proctocolectomy, 6 are 5-year survivors, and 4 are alive at 24, 36, 38, and 48 months.

Conclusions:  Twelve percent of the patients in this series had no preoperative evidence of colorectal malignant neoplasms but had invasive cancer in the resected specimen. Therefore, duration of disease alone may be an indication for surgery. A restorative proctocolectomy is a satisfactory procedure in selected patients with malignant neoplasms.Arch Surg. 1996;131:806-811


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.