0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Upper Extremity Ischemia From Subclavian Artery Aneurysm Caused by Bony Abnormalities of the Thoracic Outlet

Mark R. Nehler, MD; Lloyd M. Taylor Jr, MD; Gregory L. Moneta, MD; John M. Porter, MD
Arch Surg. 1997;132(5):527-532. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1997.01430290073015.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To describe our experience with surgical therapy for upper extremity ischemia incident to emboli from aneurysms of the subclavian artery.

Design:  Retrospective review case series.

Setting:  Vascular surgery practice at a university hospital-based tertiary referral center.

Patients:  All patients treated for upper extremity ischemia caused by embolism from a subclavian artery aneurysm from January 1, 1990, to July 31, 1996.

Intervention:  All patients underwent detailed history and physical examination, screening for immunologic and hypercoaguable disorders, noninvasive vascular laboratory evaluation, and arteriography of the aortic arch in both arms and hands. Surgical treatment consisted of rib excision or fracture plating, aneurysm excision, and interposition vein grafting, with additional saphenous vein bypasses to brachial or forearm arteries as needed to provide uninterrupted circulation to the wrist.

Results:  Twelve patients (6 males; mean age, 37 years) were treated. All had episodic upper extremity ischemia with an initial misdiagnosis of primary vasospastic disorder. Rest pain and/or ischemic ulceration developed in 3. Duration of symptoms before correct diagnosis averaged 7 months (range, 1-36 months). All patients had bony abnormalities of the thoracic outlet (8 cervical ribs, 3 abnormal first ribs, and 1 unstable clavicular fracture). All aneurysms contained intraluminal thrombus, and all patients had multiple ipsilateral distal arm, forearm, and/or hand arterial occlusions indicating chronic and repeated embolization. All patients underwent aneurysm excision and interposition vein grafting, with additional vein bypass to the brachial (3 patients) and/or forearm arteries (5 patients). Mean follow-up was 18 months (range, 2 weeks to 63 months). Eleven patients had complete symptomatic relief, and 1 patient improved. All subclavian interposition grafts remained patent. Two distal bypass grafts occluded in patients with preoperative arteriograms demonstrating no patent forearm arteries. There has been no limb loss.

Conclusions:  Hand ischemia caused by embolization from a subclavian artery aneurysm occurs in young patients without atherosclerosis and is frequently misdiagnosed as vasospasm. Despite advanced disease and multiple chronic distal arterial occlusions, surgical treatment by resection of bony abnormalities, aneurysm excision and grafting, and distal bypass grafting produces excellent results.Arch Surg. 1997;132:527-532

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();