We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Blood Transfusion An Independent Risk Factor for Postinjury Multiple Organ Failure

Frederick A. Moore, MD; Ernest E. Moore, MD; Angela Sauaia, MD
Arch Surg. 1997;132(6):620-625. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1997.01430300062013.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective:  To determine if blood transfusion is a consistent risk factor for postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF), independent of other shock indexes.

Design:  A 55-month inception cohort study ending on August 30, 1995. Data characterizing postinjury MOF were prospectively collected. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed on 5 sets of data. Set 1 included admission data (age, sex, comorbidity, injury mechanism, Glasgow Coma Scale, Injury Severity Score, and systolic blood pressure determined in the emergency department) plus the amount of blood transfused within the first 12 hours. In the subsequent 4 data sets, other indexes of shock (early base deficit, early lactate level, late base deficit, and late lactate level) were sequentially added. Additionally, the same multiple logistic regression analyses were performed with early MOF and late MOF as the outcome variables.

Setting:  Denver General Hospital, Denver, Colo, is a regional level I trauma center.

Patients:  Five hundred thirteen consecutive trauma patients admitted to the trauma intensive care unit with an Injury Severity Score greater than 15 who were older than 16 years and who survived longer than 48 hours.

Interventions:  None.

Main Outcome Measures:  The relationship of blood transfusions and other shock indexes with the outcome variable, MOF.

Results:  A dose-response relationship between early blood transfusion and the later development of MOF was identified. Despite the inclusion of other indexes of shock, blood transfusion was identified as an independent risk factor in 13 of the 15 multiple logistic regression models tested; the odds ratios were high, especially in the early MOF models.

Conclusion:  Blood transfusion is an early consistent risk factor for postinjury MOF, independent of other indexes of shock.Arch Surg. 1997;132:620-625


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.