0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Staphylococcus epidermidis Graft Infection Is Associated With Locally Suppressed Major Histocompatibility Complex Class II and Elevated MAC-1 Expression

Peter K. Henke, MD; Thomas M. Bergamini, MD; James R. Garrison, MD; Kenneth R. Brittian; James C. Peyton, MS; Tina M. Lam, MD
Arch Surg. 1997;132(8):894-902. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1997.01430320096016.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives:  To determine the local cellular immune response in a series of human patients with Staphylococcus epidermidis prosthetic graft infection and to use a murine model to investigate the response in polytef (PTFE) and in a nonslime-producing S epidermidis variant.

Methods:  Externally supported Dacron and PTFE grafts, either sterile or colonized with slime (RP-62A)- or non-slime (RP-62NA)-producing S epidermidis (107 colony forming units/cm2) were implanted in a dorsal subcutaneous pocket of Swiss Webster mice (Taconic, Germantown, NY). The grafts were harvested at 7, 10, 14, and 28 days with local bacterial and leukocyte counts obtained. Perigraft and blood monocyte major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) (immune antigen) and membrane attack complex type 1 (MAC-1) (glycoprotein) expression were analyzed by flow cytometry in the murine model and in 3 patients representing 4 Dacron graft infections.

Results:  The human infected Dacron perigraft monocytes revealed a suppressed MHC-II and elevated MAC-1 expression, and early correlation with the murine model was seen. No notable perigraft monocyte MHC-II suppression occurred in the infected PTFE graft. The reciprocal relationship in Dacron between monocyte MAC-1 and MHC-II expression was exaggerated with the lack of slime production. Bacterial clearance was variable. Supranormal expression was observed at 1 month in sterile Dacron but not in PTFE grafts.

Conclusions:  Staphylococcus epidermidis infection is associated with local cellular immune suppression in Dacron but not PTFE grafts. Slime-producing S epidermidis induced a lesser cytotoxic-phagocytic response than the nonslime variant. The reduced immunologic response to slime-producing S epidermidis may explain, in part, its indolent nature and resistance to eradication.Arch Surg. 1997;132:894-902

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();