To compare the influence of 2 volumes of fluid, integrated with goal-directed fluid therapy, on hypovolemia (a key trigger of tissue hypoperfusion) and central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and to assess their relationships with postoperative morbidity.
Design, Setting, and Patients
A prospective, randomized trial of 70 consecutive patients undergoing major abdominal surgery.
Patients were randomly assigned to 6 mL/kg/h of crystalloid (a restrictive fluid strategy) or 12 mL/kg/h of crystalloid (a more conservative fluid strategy). In both groups, a fluid bolus was administered when respiratory variation in peak aortic flow velocity (ΔPV) was greater than 13%. Data on hypovolemia (ΔPV > 13%), ScvO2, and postoperative complications were recorded for all patients.
Main Outcome Measures
Overall incidence of postoperative complications, especially anastomotic leak and sepsis.
Overall incidence of complications, including postoperative anastomotic leak and sepsis, was higher in the restrictive group than in the conservative group (all P < .05). The number of patients with hypovolemia increased significantly in the restrictive group compared with the conservative group (P < .001). The perioperative mean ScvO2 (P = .02) and mean minimum ScvO2 (P = .04) were significantly lower in the restrictive group than in the conservative group. Multivariate analysis showed that both hypovolemia and mean minimum ScvO2 were independently associated with anastomotic leak and sepsis.
Excessive fluid restriction increased the level of hypovolemia, leading to reduced ScvO2 and thereby increased incidence of postoperative complications. Excessive fluid restriction should be applied cautiously in surgical patients.
clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00852449