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Editor's Audio Summary

February 25, 2014

JAMA Surgery, 2014-02-19 Online First articles, Editor's Audio Summary

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 Showing 21-32 of 32 Articles
Original Investigation 
Csaba Gajdos, MD; Deidre Kile, MS; Mary T. Hawn, MD, MPH; Emily Finlayson, MD, MS; William G. Henderson, PhD; Thomas N. Robinson, MD, MS
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  With an aging population, preoperative assessment of the frail older adult requires evaluation beyond simply accounting for chronic diseases. Impaired cognition is a recognized characteristic of the frail older adult.

Objective  To examine the effect of preoperative impaired sensorium (IS) on general surgical outcomes.

Design, ...

Original Investigation 
Kristy L. Kummerow, MD; Liping Du, PhD; David F. Penson, MD, MPH; Yu Shyr, PhD; Mary A. Hooks, MD, MBA
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Accredited breast centers in the United States are measured on performance of breast conservation surgery (BCS) in the majority of women with early-stage breast cancer. Prior research in regional and limited national cohorts suggests a recent shift toward increasing performance of mastectomy in patients eligible for ...

Brief Report 
Lillias H. Maguire, MD; Mingyang Song, MD; Lisa L. Strate, MD, MPH; Edward L. Giovannucci, MD, ScD; Andrew T. Chan, MD, MPH
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  The incidence of diverticulitis has been associated with geographic and seasonal variation. Low levels of circulating vitamin D are associated with diverticulitis. We investigated the association between UV light and diverticulitis.

Observations  We identified nonelective diverticulitis admissions in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and linked hospital ...

Invited Commentary 
Bonnie Sun, MD; Michael E. Zenilman, MD
After the landmark National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project–B27 study, which showed no survival difference between mastectomy and lumpectomy with radiation, breast conservation surgery (BCS) emerged as the preferred option for early-stage cancers.1,2 This led to a steady increase in BCS, but the seminal article in this issue by ...
Research Letter 
Philip P. Goodney, MD, MS; Massimo Tarulli, BS; Adrienne E. Faerber, PhD; Andreas Schanzer, MD, MS; Robert M. Zwolak, MD, PhD
Although severe lower extremity peripheral arterial disease affects more than 12 million people in the United States,1,2 secular trends in the risk of amputation remain unexplored in recent years. Using national billing and survey data sets from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance ...
Original Investigation 
Rachel H. Bhak, MS; Michael Wininger, PhD; Gary R. Johnson, MS; Frank A. Lederle, MD; Louis M. Messina, MD; David J. Ballard, MD, MSPH, PhD; Samuel E. Wilson, MD; for the Aneurysm Detection and Management (ADAM) Study Group
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Because of the high mortality rate after rupture of small abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), surveillance is recommended to detect aneurysm expansion; however, the effects of clinical risk factors on long-term patterns of AAA expansion are poorly characterized.

Objective  To identify significant clinical risk factors associated ...

Original Investigation 
Jamie E. Anderson, MD, MPH; David C. Chang, PhD, MPH, MBA

Importance  Risk adjustment is an important component of quality assessment in surgical health care. However, data collection places an additional burden on physicians. There is also concern that outcomes can be gamed depending on the information recorded for each patient.

Objective  To determine whether a number ...

Original Investigation 
Christina E. Bailey, MD, MSCI; Chung-Yuan Hu, MPH, PhD; Y. Nancy You, MD, MHSc; Brian K. Bednarski, MD; Miguel A. Rodriguez-Bigas, MD; John M. Skibber, MD; Scott B. Cantor, MD; George J. Chang, MD, MS

Importance  The overall incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been decreasing since 1998 but there has been an apparent increase in the incidence of CRC in young adults.

Objective  To evaluate age-related disparities in secular trends in CRC incidence in the United States.

Design, Setting, and ...

Invited Commentary 
Kiran K. Turaga, MD, MPH
The public health burden of colorectal cancer is a significant challenge, with more than 50 000 deaths annually in the United States. Widespread adoption of the US Preventative Task Force Guidelines for mandatory screening for colon cancer, along with improvement in access to advanced fiber optic technology and training of ...
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Reviewers List  FREE
Julie Ann Freischlag, MD
The editors and editorial board of JAMA Surgery would like to acknowledge and express appreciation to those individuals who served as peer reviewers in 2012. Their invaluable service helps us maintain the quality of the articles we publish. Those reviewers listed below with an asterisk reviewed manuscripts for the Resident's ...

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