The use of narcotics among patients with Crohn disease (CD) is endemic.
To evaluate the association between preoperative use of narcotics and postoperative outcomes in patients with CD.
Design, Setting, and Participants
Patients undergoing abdominal surgery for CD at a tertiary referral center ...
JAMA Surg. Published online February 24, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.5558